Have you tried to avoid weight gain but in vain? Why not get your hormones checked? Women are vulnerable to hormonal imbalance, food cravings and slow metabolism at all phases of their life.
These may be related to pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), pregnancy, menopause or day to day stress. Research has revealed that appetite, weight loss, metabolism and female hormones are intricately linked. Study of hormone mechanisms in women can help one manage their weight gain with personalized diet plan and exercise routine!
Women are more vulnerable to hormonal imbalance than men. Hormones affect women of all ages and it has a great impact on their biological cycle and daily life as well.
Some of the hormones responsible for weight gain in women are:
1. Thyroid Hormone:
Deficiency of thyroid is found, especially among women. Hypothyroidism is responsible for weight gain in women. The common symptoms include fatigue, cold intolerance, weight gain, dry skin and constipation. It is the result of decreased metabolic rate of the body.
Estrogen is the female sex hormone. During menopause, the estrogen level drops, causing extra weight , especially around the gut. Fat cells are found to be another source of estrogen that converts calories into fats. This can also lead to obesity.
During menopause, there is a decrease in the level of progesterone in the body. Decreased level of this hormone does not actually cause weight gain. This actually causes water retention and bloating in women. As such it makes your body feel fuller and heavier.
Some women suffer from the hormonal disorder called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). This increases the level of testosterone, which leads to weight gain, menstrual disorders, facial hair, acne and infertility. Testosterone is responsible for muscle mass in women. Due to decrease in the level of testosterone during menopause, there is decrease in the metabolic rate, which consequently results in weight gain.
The hormone insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is responsible for the regulation of fat and carbohydrates in the body. Insulin allows the body to use glucose. Insulin is also a causal agent for PCOS that leads to infertility. High insulin level in the blood contributes to weight gain.
6. Stress Hormone Or Cortisol:
It has another culprit, the stress hormone, cortisol. High level of cortisol leads to increased appetite and subsequent weight gain. Stress and lack of sleep are two causes of high cortisol level in the blood. Cushing’s syndrome is an extreme condition that drives cortisol production.
These were the hormones responsible for weight gain. Be aware of the changes taking place in your body and head to the doctor if you doubt that your hormones are all over the place.