Dubbed by its author “Dietary revolution”, the scheme was renamed the American doctor Robert Coleman Atkins was developed “Atkins Diet” in the early 1970s and published it in book form in 1975. Zoom this particular plan.
Followed by millions of men and women worldwide, the Atkins diet is back in fashion today, as evidenced by a new book published by Plon in 2005, “Atkins diet for Life” and decorated with recipes that n were not present in the original edition. It carries with it all so-called regimes “Low Carb Diet“, that is to say no or few carbohydrates (sugars), currently in vogue.
Principle of the Atkins diet
In light of the scientific knowledge of his time, Dr. Atkins developed a theory: it spreads under the guise eating carbohydrates they do produce insulin, a hormone managing the excess sugar in the blood and being made responsible for fat storage. Once separated carbohydrates, it can, in theory, lipids and proteins interfere at will and see volatilize the excess kilos.
The Atkins diet in practice
Since fat Atkins diet ingested will not be, according to the author, not assimilated in the absence of dietary carbohydrates, it is to remove the alcohol and all sources of carbohydrates (pasta, sweets, breads, fruits, the majority of vegetables, rice, starchy foods, cereals, yogurt, cottage cheese …) to draw the missing carbohydrate energy in fat reserves. Only 50 to 80 g of green vegetables (as lettuce, spinach, cucumber) are allowed on the day.
then we can take unlimited protein foods (meat, fish, eggs, milk, cheeses, meats …) and fat (cream, butter, oils …), in short, many popular foods … but bread or carbohydrate foods. You can eat as many calories as you want, as long as we respect these prohibitions.
Atkins diet Efficiency
The method promises to result in significant weight loss: 15 to 30 kg while consuming 2 000 3 000 kcal per day! Examples of prodigious weight loss have indeed been reported, at least in the short term, since then, the yoyo effect is equally dramatic. Health problems are far from rare because of a disastrous nutritional balance.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Atkins diet
But what are the advantages and disadvantages of this method? Petit panorama:
Advantages: This system is simple to understand. There is no need to monitor and restrict the amount of food allowed. Weight loss is fast and coupled with a certain euphoria (by excess protein in meals) and decreased appetite (for the secretion of ketone bodies by the body in reaction to the plan).
This regime is sickening and very quickly if you lose weight, it is only through weariness. In addition, the initial weight loss is often already at a water loss, not fat. It is indeed related to the fact that the body draws on its own sugar reserves (so-called glycogen) because we do not bring him so that organs are addicted (liver, brain, kidneys …) .
Once these depleted reserves, the body uses fat certainly, but also its muscles to provide glucose and therefore the energy necessary for the functioning of these bodies. He gets tired and then produces substances called ketones. And when the rate of ketone body is too high in the blood, resulting in a state of fatigue, as well as inhibition of appetite *. Result: although they are allowed to eat as much as they want, followers of this diet actually absorb fewer calories because they have less and less hungry. Similarly, the state called ketoacidosis, leads to a very unpleasant and strong breath!
As for the physical, this scheme is worrying because it is defective in vitamins and protective micronutrients lack of fruits and vegetables (vitamin C, polyphenols …), it is low in fiber, which can cause significant constipation and too rich in protein foods, with the risk of dangerously up the blood and urinary uric acid (which can cause gout or kidney stones, especially in case of insufficient liquid intake). Finally, this scheme being “hyper fat”, it is not uncommon for disorders of the gallbladder, and it is true that a massive release of fatty acids is observed, this phenomenon is generally too abrupt generator of lipid metabolic disorders, such as a blood cholesterol level in excess, which promotes cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this scheme was baptized by scientists as “passport for myocardial!”
In conclusion, even though the atkins diet looks nice with big appetites “carnivores” rather attracted by the salty taste, this diet is not recommended, especially in heavy physical activity.