Baldness is a predominantly male phenomenon. Hair loss occurs on average between 20 and 35 years, but can begin later.
The signs are abundant hair loss, with a gradual release of the forehead, above the temples and the crown of the head.
The main cause of baldness is an excess of male hormones (androgenic alopecia). This excess is hereditary: If your father is bald, you will have great chances of being. In fact, male hormones will accelerate the life cycle of the hair, making it faster fall. Other causes can be taken into account. Thus, the constant stress or prolonged anxiety can promote the fall. An unbalanced diet, deficient in certain vitamins (H, B6 …) may also be involved. Beware also too aggressive shampoos for scalp or frequent dyes.
Some medications can also cause significant hair loss (amphetamines, anticoagulants …). Please read the list of side effects on the records.
Treatment depends of course of the case. When hair loss is due to an external agent (drug, vitamin deficiency …), it will be easily resolved. By cons, when baldness is due to an excess of hormones, it is necessary to use specific techniques.
There are certain medications that appear effective against baldness. In any case, most hair loss is detected, the sooner treatment will have an effect. The most commonly used treatments are those based on minoxidil. Indeed, this slows hair loss and sometimes causes a regrowth. It exists in form of lotion to be applied twice per day. The treatment must be followed “for life”: once started, it should not be stopped if we want to keep the profits. Other effective treatments are in the form of tablets. In any case, we must of course seek medical attention. You should know that these treatments do not necessarily work for all patients and some allergies or side effects are sometimes feared. Furthermore, their price is quite high.
In addition to drugs, one of the most effective treatments remains the graft. There are several types of grafts, as appropriate. In general, the technique used is the micro transplant. It is in fact to collect small pieces of skin containing hair (for example on the neck), and reimplanted on the bald area. The procedure takes two to three hours under local anesthesia and can be repeated up to three or four times (spaced three months minimum) depending on the width of the area to cover. The advantage is that the hair is natural and there is no treatment to follow. The downside is of course the price, which amounts to tens of thousands of francs. In place of her own hair, can be grafted implants, which are very close to real hair. In this case, the price is slightly lower but there is a risk of rejection.
Alternatively, wigs or hairpieces. manufacturing and installation techniques have improved. These devices are now very hard to detect and does not fly away at the slightest gust of wind. They are a good solution if you do not want any treatment or perform surgery.
Finally, beware of miracle products advertised in magazines. These products generally have no scientific basis and are likely to make you lose more of your hair, a lot of money.