In its annual report Couples and Families, INSEE reveals a larger number of separations and single-parent families it was 10 years. This single parenthood remains mainly kindergarten.
INSEE publishes this report Wednesday, December 16 Couples and Families, 2015 edition that details the status and trends of French couples and families in 2011 compared to 1999, an evolution over 12 years. The main results emerging from this study are a couple life less frequent than in the past, diversification of forms of union (cohabitation, PACS) – even if the type of the most common family is the one with two married parents and their two children – and weaker unions. Thus, the proportion of separating couples increases and first unions are shorter today, which goes along with the fact more common to live several unions during his life. Moreover, there are many imbalances between men and women in family life.
More single mothers
First observation in terms of gender imbalance: if the number of single-parent families has increased over the last decade, the increase mainly concerns maternal families. More and more women then raise their (s) child (ren) only, which hinders their employability “in 2014, the employment rate of single mothers is almost the same as that of women couple (80% against 81%). However, their unemployment rate is much higher (15% against 7%) and it is all the higher they have many children and that they are young ” the report reveals INSEE. Because of this unemployment louder: “work being alone at home requires organization for child care, which differs from that adopted for children living with a couple” deplores INSEE.
A post-rupture more difficult for women
After a breakup, men seem to bounce back faster, “five years after separation occurring between 25 and 50 years, 57% of men have reformed union against 46% of women; fifteen years after separation, this concerns 75% 64% of men against women “refers INSEE. Another breeding ground for differences: the income since for divorced couples with children, 33% of mothers earned less than 1200 euros per month against only 14% of fathers in 2012.
A link between educational level and family situation
The report also points INSEE family situation of variations that depend on the level of education of spouses. In 2011, women between 30 and 44 are more often in couples if they have an advanced degree (76%) if they do not have a degree (67%). Another sensitive point in the study: age of mothers when they have their first child. This figure has first dropped in the most educated women, before generalizing all women. However, the ages of the first pair of relations, leaving the parental home, the first cohabitation and first child earlier remain for the less educated women. Within a same couple, social status is often equivalent between spouses (24% of couples). But when it differs is usually the man who has a higher professional status as his spouse in the case of heterosexual couples: this is the case for 17% of couples, against only 5% for the reverse situation .