Adopting a healthy dog is never an innocuous life choice, since it is the beginning of an enriching affective adventure.
Choosing a healthy dog means starting this adventure under the best auspices by making sure it will be as long as possible.
Since the first few weeks of a puppy’s life are decisive from the point of view of health, the setting in which they take place is paramount. Choosing a healthy dog from a qualified breeder is therefore an excellent initiative to avoid sick animals, an additional rapid examination that can confirm the flourishing health of the newly protected breeder.
As in humans, good dog health depends on prevention
PRIVILEGING OFFICIAL BREEDERS
Choosing a healthy dog in a breeding farm or in a shelter approved by the prefecture offers certain advantages. The shelters are in charge of bringing the dogs into conformity with the legal provisions, in particular with regard to identification (identification by electronic chip or tattoo), sterilization and vaccination. The dogs raised there, followed by veterinarians, and they are immunized against common contagious diseases. The quality of the breeders is very variable, but the reputation of the best of them is deserved: their puppies benefit from education and health monitoring of the first order.
Only rabies vaccine is mandatory in France and still only in certain exposed areas or in certain circumstances. The virtual eradication of rabies in domestic animals in developed countries should not make us forget that other epidemics can affect dogs, especially those living in communities. Vaccination is very effective and highly recommended, in particular, against the disease of Square.
The 10 points to look at (eyes, mucous membranes, hairs, testicles, abdomen, anal area, teeth …)
It is possible to have a fairly good overview of the overall health of a dog by conducting a rapid clinical examination. The external appearance of the animal, if well studied, is often sufficient to detect one or more serious pathologies. The points to be observed particularly in an animal that one wants to adopt are:
Eyes, which must be clean, while a lower white or yellow eyelid may reveal blood or liver disease
Ears, no deposit and odorless in healthy dog
The truffle: if its temperature and humidity are not necessarily significant, a nasal discharge is important more
The dentition, a fresh breath being de rigueur as jaws without prognathism (made to project excessively forward)
Yellowish discoloration around the anal area often indicates diarrhea
The testes are detectable on palpation in dogs whose genitals are operational
The hair has brightness in healthy dog.
The abdomen should not be painful on palpation, nor swollen, except after meals.
The skin should be healthy and elastic.
The vivacity of the dog is generally good sign, its agility also proves the absence of joint problems
Further observations can be made in case of doubt. Examination of the stool and urine or the taking of temperature, are other means to ensure the good health of a dog. The expertise and advice of a veterinarian are obviously necessary to confirm or disprove the diagnoses established on the basis of this summary review.