Being healed from colorectal cancer, you have to follow these specific measures step by step to make yourself safe from this killing disease.
Undergo a screening test past the age of 50 years. If 60% of people aged 50 to 74 years passed such a test every 2 years, it is estimated that the number of deaths from colorectal cancer could be reduced from 15% to 18% 5.
It is in this context that the Ministry of Health and Social Services of Quebec is currently working on the implementation of a screening program that will address all people of 50-74 years. This program will meet the criteria that we describe below.
Persons concerned: men and women aged over 50 years.
Blood research fecal occult test (FOBT).
-One or more of the following techniques can be used to detect traces of blood in the stool, invisible to the naked eye.
– Guaiac test: done at home, it requires the stool samples taken, spread on a small cardboard coated guaiac, a plant substance. The carton is then delivered to the doctor or sent to the laboratory for analysis by a technician.
– Immunochemical test (FIT): saddle samples are analyzed differently. This new test is more accurate since it only detects the blood from the colon or rectum (rather than any part of the digestive tract, as does the guaiac). In addition, it has the advantage of requiring no restrictions in taking food and medicine in the days preceding the test.
-Frequency: every year or 2 years.
When this test is positive, further medical examinations are offered. The flexible sigmoidoscopy allows the doctor to see the lining of the rectum and sigmoid colon (see diagram).
Colonoscopy permits examination of the rectum and all sections of the colon. It is practiced in analgesic medication.
These two tests can not only view the wall of the rectum and colon, but also to remove polyps that are there as well and prevent the emergence of any cancers. These examinations are not only preventive, curative they are made.
For people at risk. If family history of colorectal cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, for example, it may be advisable to spend a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy from the age of 40 years. Discuss it with his doctor.
Basic preventive measures
-No smoking. For a variety of means that facilitate the decision, visit our Smoking sheet.
-Staying active physically. Physical activity (moderate and severe) would reduce the risk up to 50% 17.
-Achieve or maintain a healthy weight. To find out your body mass index, BMI made our test.
-Limit alcohol consumption. The Canadian Cancer Society advises women to limit their alcohol consumption to less than 1 drink per day and men less than 2 drinks per day6.
-Eating enough fruits and vegetables and whole grains appear to help prevent colorectal cancer. These foods contain vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants that help prevent colorectal cancer. Bring variety to enjoy the widest range of beneficial substances they contain (calcium, magnesium, vitamin B9, etc.).
A good intake of fruits and vegetables also reduces the risk of several other cancers.
– Special Diet: cancer, the recommendations of the dietitian Hélène Baribeau;
– The reflexes anticancer daily, a booklet by Dr. David Servan-Schreiber.
-Limit consumption of red meat, charcuterie (salami, sausages, smoked ham, etc.) and grilled. Those who eat red meat 7 times a week are at risk 85% higher than those who eat 3 times a semaine17.
Other measures to prevent the onset of disease
Vitamin D. In light of the results of various studies, the Canadian Cancer Society recommends that Canadians since 2007, taking a supplement of 25 mcg (1000 IU) per day of vitamin D in autumn and hiver7. The organization suggests that people with a higher risk of vitamin D deficiency – including the elderly, people whose skin pigmentation is dark and people rarely exposed to the sun – to do the same during the whole year. Note that the recommended dosages can vary according to age and particular conditions.
Aspirin. Taking one tablet daily aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) may confer some protection. Epidemiological data show that people often taking aspirin are less affected by colorectal2,8 cancer. Some cons-indications apply, because aspirin increases the risk of bleeding.
Anti-inflammatory drugs. Besides aspirin, other anti-inflammatory drugs may be protective against intestinal polyps and colorectal cancer, such as ibuprofen and naproxen