Throat cancer is a really a fultile disease for the entire humanity.Also, it is necessary to be fully aware of how we we can be prevented from it .
Prevention of throad cancer
Preventive measures base of throat cancer
Stopping smoking or never start. See our Smoking sheet.
Avoid alcohol abuse.
Medical Treatments of throad cancer
Treatments vary according to the size and location of the tumor. Depending on the stage of the cancer, it is possible to resort to surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. These treatments are usually combined to destroy cancer cells, limiting their expansion to other parts of the body and reduce the risk of recurrence of throat cancer.
Ablation of cancer cells by endoscopic surgery. If the cancer is still at the first stage, the doctor may destroy cancer cells laser or scraping the lining of the affected organ. This intervention leaves little or no ill effects.
The partial laryngectomy involves removing part of the larynx that is affected by the tumor. This intervention can affect speech and respiratory faculties, but there are technical reconstruction of the larynx which limit the consequences.
The cordectomy is to remove only part of the affected vocal cord.
The pharyngectomy consists in removing a part of the pharynx. Can then reconstruct the organ in order to limit the effects and ensure normal swallowing.
The total laryngectomy. If the cancer is advanced, it may remove the entire larynx and an opening in the neck connected to the trachea to ensure the entry of air to the lungs (tracheostomy). After such a procedure, the patient must learn to speak with the help of a speech therapist of facing throat cancer.
The recess (flushing) node. If the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, it will also remove affected lymph nodes. After removal of the glands, is generally used in radiation therapy to destroy Throat cancer cells that remain.
Generally used X-ray high intensity to irradiate cancer cells. Radiotherapy is widely used in the case of cancers of the throat, as they are particularly susceptible to the effects of irradiation. Some less advanced cancers can be treated only with radiotherapy, but sometimes you have to pair radiotherapy surgery to remove all the cancer cells that have been destroyed or during surgery to shrink the tumor before removal surgical of Throat cancer.
Radiation therapy may have the following side effects: mouth sores or throat which make it can be painful to eat or drink, skin problems, hoarseness of voice, loss of sense of taste, difficulty breathing due to inflammation of the larynx, fatigue because of Throat cancer.
More advanced cancers usually require a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a combination of drugs that can be administered intravenously or orally. This technique allows to treat both the cancerous cells in the first tumor and potential metastases in the rest of the body. We may use chemotherapy to avoid total laryngectomy or to reduce the symptoms caused by too developed to be destroyed tumor of Throat cancer.
Chemotherapy kills cancer cells but also some healthy cells. This is why the treatment can cause nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, hair loss, sores in the mouth, decreased red blood cell levels and fatigue.
Some drugs target specific aspects of cancer cells to prevent them from growing. Cetuximab (Erbitux®) is one of the drugs approved for the treatment of throat cancer. This type of drug may be used in addition to radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Rehabilitation and monitoring
In case of surgery, a rehabilitation period is often necessary to recover as much as possible the ability to swallow normally, eating solid food and talk. The speech therapist helps to recover these functions. The type of rehabilitation required depends on the surgery performed.
Once completed radiation treatment, it is strongly advised to pay attention to daily dental hygiene and visit a dentist regularly. This helps to prevent complications that could occur in the medium to long term. The examination and dental cleaning is recommended 2 times a year. Some experts even recommend a daily treatment fluor1. Check with your dentist.
Notice. Visit our Cancer sheet for all complementary approaches that have been the subject of studies with throat cancer patients, such as acupuncture, visualization, massage therapy and yoga. These approaches may be suitable when used as a complement to medical treatment, not to replace them.