Treatment of stomach cancer vary depending on the stage and degree of malignancy (grade) cancer. Often combining several therapies or surgery.
Sometimes it is not possible to remove the tumor because of its size or because the cancer has spread to other organs. In these cases, treatments are available to slow the progression of the disease and relieve uncomfortable symptoms.
If the tumor is superficial, remove the affected part of the stomach or its entirety, and some of the lymph nodes nearby. Depending on the location of the tumor in the stomach, the surgeon may also ablate a portion of the esophagus or the small intestine. Following this procedure, reconstructive surgery can again connect the stomach to the esophagus or the small intestine.
If the cancer is very advanced and affects other nearby organs stomach, it may be necessary to carry out a more extensive surgery. This may involve removing the whole stomach, the nearby lymph nodes and, as appropriate, the spleen and parts of the esophagus, the small intestine or pancreas. After this operation, the surgeon connects the esophagus to the gut.
After gastrectomy, it is still possible to eat well. However, since the capacity of the stomach is reduced, we must adapt its power, for example by taking smaller meals but more numerous. Patients who have undergone gastrectomy should also take some supplements, such as vitamin B12.
In the case of stomach cancer, usually we use chemotherapy after surgery to kill cancer cells that might have escaped the operation and avoid a recurrence. Chemotherapy is increasingly used before surgery.
It is also possible to use chemotherapy to reduce the symptoms and slow progression of the disease if a tumor can not be removed.
Chemotherapy can be administered intravenously or orally. Chemotherapy drugs attack cancer cells but also damage some normal cells. To give the body time to recover, cyclically chemotherapy is administered. Side effects are numerous: nausea, vomiting, anti-fatigue, loss of appetite, hair loss, and increased risk of infection.
Radiation therapy is rarely used in cases of stomach cancer. It may be before or after surgery. It can also be used to relieve the symptoms of a tumor that can not be removed.
This treatment is used to direct radiation treatment to a specific part of the body to destroy cancer cells therein are formed. As the high-energy rays also damage healthy cells, this therapy has several side effects that are more or less bothersome depending on the patient. This can feel tired, it may also be noted that the skin of the irradiated area is red and sensitive.
Radiation therapy for a stomach tumor can cause diarrhea, indigestion or nausea. Side effects of radiation therapy fade after treatment, when the healthy cells are regenerated.
Visit our Cancer sheet for all complementary approaches that have been the subject of studies with cancer patients, such as acupuncture, visualization, massage therapy and yoga. These approaches may be suitable when used as a complement to medical treatment, not to replace them