Metabolic syndrome is not a disease. This is a series of health problems that seriously increase the risk of developing type two of diabetes, and heart disease.
People with metabolic syndrome are at risk of heart attack three to five times higher than the normal population!
Abdominal obesity: the “engine” syndrome
Abdominal obesity (located in the belly) is often called the “engine” of the metabolic syndrome.
It releases more fatty acids in the blood, increases blood pressure and interferes with the work of insulin (insulin resistance).
Insulin is the hormone that allows sugar consumed leave the blood as fast as it enters it to provide energy to cells. It is also insulin that prevents the liver from producing too much sugar when you are fasting.
It is about insulin resistance normally when a sufficient amount of insulin can no longer bring the sugar into the cells. The body therefore produces more insulin to do the same job. The central factor of metabolic syndrome is “insulin resistance”.
Insulin resistance also has other negative consequences: it can lead to diabetes and increased levels of blood lipids (hyperlipidemia) and blood pressure.
Diabetes, hyperlipidemia (too much fat or lipids in the blood) and hypertension are considered major risk factors of atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries that can lead to their blocking and stroke .
Nutrition and Physical Activity: Key facts
The prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome essentially go through the return to a healthy weight. A loss of even modest weight (5 to 10% by weight) provides beneficial effects:
- Improved insulin work capacity, so better control of blood sugar.
- Standardization of the amount of lipids / fat circulating in the blood.
- Decreased blood pressure.
Increase your physical activity to 60 minutes a day: two 10-minute walks, gardening 20 minutes and 20 minutes of stretching, cycling or dancing. Each account activity, whatever the duration or intensity!
Eat mostly vegetables, fruits, high-fiber foods and less often foods high in fat. Take smaller portions at meals. A varied and health eating that includes healthy choices is the best way to stay healthy from metabolic syndrome!