Feeling of depression seems to come out of nowhere, and they can have a negative impact on every area of an individual’s life.
Symptoms of this mental illness can often range from mild too severe, with severe symptoms being classified as major depression. A person may feel lethargic and have no motivation to get out of bed in the morning. They may also feel the need to sleep for excessive periods of time. Often, patients report that no matter how much sleep they get, it feels as though it is never enough.
These two symptoms are the most commons symptoms of this mental illness, but they are not the only symptoms. Other symptoms include: anxiety, anger, lack of enjoyment in activities that a person once enjoyed immensely, problems concentrating, suicidal thoughts, feelings of sadness, worthlessness and/or hopelessness, and a frequent sad mood, often for no apparent reason.
There are several things that may cause this mental illness, including both psychological and environmental factors. Often, brain chemistry plays a primary role in depression. The lack of chemicals that are sometimes referred to as “happy chemicals”, such as serotonin, that help the brain to deal with stress make an individual more prone to developing depression.
Other environmental factors can also worsen a mental illness, such as traumatic events, living with domestic violence, frequent stress and having to deal with other stresses on a consistent basis. Social isolation can also contribute to this. Human beings are designed to interact with one another, and when a person is unable to do that, they can quickly become depressed.
While everyone gets depressed, individuals that suffer from a mental illness often experience the symptoms for a period that lasts for more than just a week. These individuals often seek the help of a professional therapist in an effort to alleviate symptoms.
Treatment options typically consist of both medication and counselling. In situations of major depression or suicidal thoughts, counselling is encouraged by prescription medications such as anti-depressants are frequently used in an effort to alleviate the symptoms more quickly, and help prevent the patient from causing harm to themselves or others.
In addition to medication, most patients are encouraged to attend regular counselling sessions. Through counselling, many patients learn to better identify their feelings, and they are better able to work through the stresses of life.
As patients continue to attend counselling, a professional therapist is often able to help patients identify environmental stressors and other factors that could be contributing to their mental illness. Cognitive behavioural therapy is also frequently used for this mental illness to help patients identify their negative thoughts and emotions, and see how they have an impact on their life.
Through counselling sessions, patients learn how to change negative thoughts and feelings in to more positive feelings, and are encouraged to take a proactive approach to addressing and dealing with their mental illness, and what they can do to help make their symptoms better.
Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders, but it is commonly believed that more and more individuals suffer from this mental illness and do not seek treatment due to the stigma that is attached to mental illness. Through treatment, however, many individuals find that they feel better than ever before.