The Montignac diet
Nutrition

The Montignac diet

Common types of obesity

 

The Montignac diet is based on two principles: the exclusion of high-glycemic foods and the prohibition of associating certain foods at the same meal.

 

The Montignac diet was developed by a businessman, Michel Montignac, to solve their weight problem, this system became a “classic” was born there twenty years. The duration of the diet phase (phase I) varies from several weeks to several months depending on the target.

Remove sugars and certain carbohydrates

Radically different from Montignac diet low calorie diets, the Montignac diet assumes that weight gain does not depend on caloric intake. It nevertheless distinguishes good and bad fats, good and bad carbohydrates. Good carbohydrates are those that have a glycemic index (GI). The GI is the ability of a carbohydrate to raise blood sugar in the blood sugar after meals. However, a significant rise in blood glucose and therefore insulin promotes fat storage. So avoid the carbs that are highly climb blood sugar, such as potatoes, cooked carrots or rice and white bread, pasta and refined grains. With the exception of fructose, all concentrated sugars are also to ban (white sugar, sucrose syrup, maple, honey …).

However, whole grains, legumes (beans, lentil) or brown rice, which have a low GI are allowed two or three times a week.

fat side, animal fats are not recommended: it must prioritize unsaturated fatty acids (fish fat or olive oil).

Second rule: eat dissociated!

According Montignac, food should not be balanced on one but on several meals, or even on the week. Certain combinations of foods should be avoided during the same meal, as the duo carbohydrate-lipid. Pastries, chips, quiches or nuts are therefore excluded. Similarly, the cheese can be consumed, but not on bread. Animal proteins and starches (or pulses) should not be combined. In contrast, protein foods and those high in fat can be consumed all at will.

As for fruits, they are allowed between meals. Finally, it should greatly reduce the consumption of alcohol and caffeine.

Menu type Montignac diet

Breakfast :

A fruit half an hour before breakfast

Full and skimmed milk cereals

Tea or coffee without caffeine

Lunch :

Raw vegetables with olive oil

Pork chop

broccoli

Cheese

Having dinner :

Vegetable soup (without starchy foods)

Hake fillet

Green salad

cheese 0%

Phase II of the Montignac diet: weight maintenance

This phase should be followed for life. Fortunately, it is less restrictive, all food associations are allowed. The sugars remain focused however banned, as are foods with high GI. The wine can be consumed in moderation by eating.

Advantages and disadvantages of Montignac diet

Also called “regime of managers”, the Montignac diet was designed for people often eating at the restaurant, especially men. Efficient and limiting the yo-yo effect, it allows you to eat as much as desired without any particular effort on the menus. The fiber and protein also give a feeling of satiety.

However, this system requires a good knowledge of food composition, and constant attention to avoid associations that upset. The principle of dissociation, whose interest has not been clearly demonstrated, however, is indented in the most recent versions of the Montignac method.

Finally, this diet tends to be too high in fat, which can cause an increase in cholesterol levels, and can preserve the bad eating habits. The decline in consumption of carbohydrates leads for its fatigue or muscle wasting, especially as the sport is not encouraged.

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Sara

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