One of the most common causes of an itchy scalp in adults is dandruff. Typically caused by a number of skin conditions, including seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema and other factors.
The symptom of dandruff can be mistaken for other itchy scalp disorders including; scalp fungus, eczema, psoriasis and other causes.
Dandruff also can be mild or extremely severe. In mild cases, some simple lifestyle changes can eliminate the problem; extreme cases, on the other hand, may require some treatment.
|Dry Scalp||Dry skin can also result in the skin becoming itchy. Itching can become worse in the winter months or repeatedly washing your hair with harsh shampoos.|
Tip: Using a natural hair oil can eradicate the problem and keep your itching at bay.
|Infestation of Lice||Lice spread from one person to another through close contact. The bites of the lice result in itching especially behind the ears. Repeated scratching of the scalp results in excoriation of the skin.|
Tip: Use of special medicated shampoos and lotions helps to control the condition.
|Dandruff||Dandruff is a common scalp condition that appears after adolescence. You will experience scratching repeatedly which is followed by falling off of scales. It may be accompanied by temporary loss of hair.|
Tip: Dandruff can be treated with shampoos containing ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione or selenium sulfide.
|Cradle Cap||Cradle cap is a condition that affects newborn children of 3 months or younger. In these cases, there is crusting over the head with loss of hair. The exact cause of this condition is not known. It may be due to excess secretion of sebaceous glands due to the influence of maternal hormones. This condition is usually harmless and should go away by itself after the baby is a year old.|
|Ringworm(Infection of the Scalp)||Ringworm is a fungal infection that results in circular thick lesions. In the scalp, the area over the ringworm is accompanied by marked itching and breaking of hair.Tip: It responds to treatment with anti fungal medications.|
|Bacterial Infection of the Scalp||Bacterial infection of the scalp results in itching. Besides pus formation, oozing, crusting and matting of hair is also observed.|
Tip: Local or oral antibiotics are used to treat the condition.
|Chickenpox||Varicella zoster is a virus that causes chickenpox. Chickenpox may be associated with blisters in the scalp, which result in itching.|
|Psoriasis of the Scalp||Psoriasis is a condition where the skin is covered with thickened flat areas called plaques. The plaques are covered with silvery scales.|
|Contact Dermatitis||Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction of the skin to certain chemicals applied to the skin (in this case, the scalp) like shampoos, dyes etc. The itching is usually absent the first time the chemical is applied. However, subsequent applications may produce itching, oozing, crusting and scaling.|
Tip: avoid contact with the allergen; you may require local steroid creams.
|Lichen Planus||Lichen planus is another inflammatory disorder that affects the skin including the scalp. It results in scarring and loss of hair over the affected part.|
Tip: Treat with steroids.
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